Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger known as Paul Kruger was born on 10th of October 1825. He is the 5th president of South African Republic. Kruger was born at Bulhoek, on his grandfather's farm in the British Cape Colony, and he grew up on the farm Vaalbank. He received only three months of formal education.
in 1874, he was elected as a member of the Executive Council and shortly after became the Vice-President of the Transvaal. Following the annexation of the Transvaal by Britain in 1877, Kruger became the leader of the resistance movement. During the same year, he visited Britain for the first time as the leader of a deputation. In 1878, he formed part of a second deputation.